Onaqui

Onaqui Sites

Location: Tooele County, UT, ~25 miles south of Tooele, UT
Land Management Agency: Bureau of Land Management Salt Lake Field Office
Treatment Schedule: Treatments were implemented in fall 2006. Click here for more information.

Juniper Woodland Site

Site Manager: Maggie Gray
Plots: Four 50-acre core plots (Control, Burn, Mechanical, and Bull Hog™) and two 1000-acre extensive plots (Control and Burn) (View select suplots over time.)
Elevation: 5500-6200 ft
Topography: 2-30% slope, E aspect
Common Vegetation: Utah Juniper, Wyoming big sagebrush, black sagebrush, bluebunch wheatgrass, Sandberg bluegrass, Indian ricegrass, cheatgrass, and various native wildflowers.
Soils: Gravelly loam and sandy loam
Fire Regime: Historically ranging from 20 to >100 years. Woodland invasion suggests that the majority of these communities have not burned since the late 1800s. As woodlands gain dominance, the fire regime shifts to infrequent, high-intensity fires.
Representative Land Base: Several million acres in western Utah, northeastern Nevada, and southern Idaho.
Grazing: Plots are located within active grazing allottment and will be fenced for duration of the study.

Sagebrush-Cheatgrass Site

Site Manager: Maggie Gray
Plots: Four 75-acre plots (Control, Burn, Mechanical, and Herbicide) (View select suplots over time.)
Elevation: 5400-5500 ft
Topography: 3-4% slope, E aspect
Common Vegetation: Wyoming big sagebrush, shadscale, viscid rabbitbrush, Sandberg bluegrass, squirreltail, Indian ricegrass, bluebunch wheatgrass, basin wildrye, and cheatgrass.
Soils: Fine-loamy
Fire Regime: Historically, several decades. Many of these communities experienced an increased fire return interval with settlement and overgrazing. Cheatgrass invasion can cause larger fires and reduce this interval to 10 years or less.
Representative Land Base: Several million acres in western and central Utah, southern Idaho, northern Nevada, and eastern Oregon.
Grazing: Plots are located within active grazing allottment and will be fenced for duration of the study.

Updated 2009

Onaqui site map Photos from Onaqui Woodland Control Plot, 2006-2009 Photos from Onaqui Woodland Prescribed Burn Plot, 2006-2009 Photos from Onaqui Chainsaw Cut Subplot, 2006-2009 Photos from Onaqui Sagebrush Control Plot Pictures from Onaqui Mastication (Bull Hog™) Subplot, 2006-2009 Photos from Onaqui Sagebrush Prescribed Burn Plot Photos from Onaqui Mechanical Mow Plot Photos from Onaqui Herbicide Plot

Woodland subplot progress images

Onaqui Juniper Woodland Control Subplot

All of the SageSTEP study sites have a control plot to account for variations that are not related to treatment, such as yearly climatic variation. The images below show one of the subplots in the Onaqui control plot from 2006 to 2009.

2006

2007

2008

2009

Onaqui Juniper Woodland Prescribed Burn Subplot

Prescribed burns were implemented at all of the SateSTEP study sites. This treatment was used to help increase understanding of the relationship between plant communities, invasive species and fires. The Onaqui burn took place in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected. The images below show one of the prescribed burn subplots at the Onaqui site from 2006 to 2009.

2006 – Pre-treatment

2008 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2009 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2008 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Onaqui Juniper Woodland Chainsaw Cut Subplot

The chainsaw cut treatment was implemented at all SageSTEP woodland sites. All trees over 1/2-meter tall were cut with a chainsaw and left where they fell. The images below show one of the chainsaw subplots at the Onaqui site from 2006 to 2009. The chainsaw cut took place at Onaqui in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected.

2006 – Pre-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Onaqui Juniper Woodland Mastication (Bull Hog™) Subplot

An additional mechanical treatment, tree mastication (using a Bull Hog™), was applied at the woodland sites in Utah only. This treatment was implemented because it has been of local interest to Utah landowners. The images below show one of the masticated subplots at the Onaqui site from 2006 to 2009. Mastication took place at Onaqui in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected. Throughout the plot, 100% of trees were removed by mulching them to the ground.

2006 – Pre-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Sagebrush subplot progress images

Onaqui Sagebrush Control Subplots

All of the SageSTEP study sites have a control plot to account for variations that are not related to treatment, such as yearly climatic variation. Plateau pre-emergence herbicide was sprayed on half of the subplots on the control plot to control cheatgrass. The images below show two subplots from 2006-2009, one where Plateau was not used and one where Plateau was sprayed at a rate of 6oz per acre after treatment in fall 2006.

Standard Subplot

2006 – Pre-treatment

Plateau Subplot

2006 – Pre-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Onaqui Sagebrush Prescribed Burn Subplots

Prescribed burns were implemented on the Onaqui Sagebrush sites to help land managers better understand the relationship between soil composition, vegetation communities, invasive species like cheatgrass and fires. The Onaqui burn took place in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected. Plateau pre-emergence herbicide was crossed with the prescribed burn treatment on half of the subplots to control cheatgrass. The images below show two subplots from 2006-2009, one where Plateau was not used and one where Plateau was sprayed at a rate of 6oz per acre after treatment in fall 2006.

Standard Subplot

2007 – Pre-treatment

Plateau Subplot

2007 – Pre-treatment

2008 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2009 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2010 – 3 Years Post-treatment

2010 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Onaqui Sagebrush Mow Subplots

The mow treatment was implemented to thin sagebrush and encourage understory growth. Mowing took place at Onaqui in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected. Plateau pre-emergence herbicide was crossed with the mowing treatment on half of the subplots to control cheatgrass. The images below show two subplots from 2006-2009, one where Plateau was not used and one where Plateau was sprayed at a rate of 6oz per acre after treatment.

Standard Subplot

2007 – Pre-treatment

Plateau Subplot

2007 – Pre-treatment

2008 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2009 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2010 – 3 Years Post-treatment

2010 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Onaqui Sagebrush Herbcide Subplots

Tebuthiuron (Spike 20P) was applied aerial on the Onaqui herbicide plot to thin the sagebrush and encourage understory growth. This treatment took place in the fall of 2006 after baseline data were collected. Plateau pre-emergence herbicide was crossed with the Spike treatment on half of the subplots to control cheatgrass. The images below show two subplots from 2006-2009, one where Plateau was not used and one where Plateau was sprayed at a rate of 6oz per acre after treatment in fall2006.

Standard Subplot

2006 – Pre-treatment

Plateau Subplot

2006 – Pre-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2007 – 1 Year Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2008 – 2 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

2009 – 3 Years Post-treatment

Contact

Jim McIver
SageSTEP Project Coordinator.
Oregon State University
Eastern Oregon Agriculture Research Center
PO Box E
Union, Oregon 97883
(541) 562-5396
james.mciver@oregonstate.edu

Lael Gilbert
SageSTEP Outreach Program Coordinator
Utah State University
Department of Environment & Society
5215 Old Main Hill
Logan, Utah 84322-5215
(435) 797-8455
lael.gilbert@usu.edu

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